Over the past twenty years the Canaries have been one of the primary holiday destinations for Europeans seeking warmer winter weather, without needing to travel too much.
Needless to say weather conditions are a key consideration for just about any location trying to establish itself like a holiday destination and the Canaries are almost unique in Europe in benefiting from warm dry weather for many of the year. The size of fine weather periods is likewise crucial with regards to how viable a vacation resort can be for almost any businesses that depend on tourism. For the reason that respect the Canaries are also between the best locations in Europe, having a long summertime along with a busy and successful cold months of winter.
Naturally their location is unique in Europe while they lie over 600 miles south of your nearest a part of mainland Europe and are much even closer to the North African countries of Morocco and Western Sahara. It is the Sahara desert which brings the dry weather on the Canary Islands and makes the possibility of rain very slim. The air that has passed across the vast expanse of your Sahara desert is warmed and dried before it reaches the islands, which means the atmosphere temperature from the islands very rarely drops to everything that can be described as cold. The Saharan winds can however whip up clouds of dusty air and carry them throughout the sea towards the Canaries. These are more prevalent during February and March and so are not normally a major problem, certainly not through the main periods of peak tourist activity.
The weather conditions systems that produce and control the spot throughout the islands is composed of several key components. In addition to the impact of your Sahara desert as already mentioned, the Atlantic Gulf stream can also be an essential contributor. This warm drift of Atlantic Ocean water starts in the Gulf of Mexico and travels quickly over the Atlantic towards Europe and North Western Africa where it re-circulates. The impact from the tail end from the Gulf Stream has been said impact the climate devjpky14 this area of the world. More specifically once the Gulf Stream reaches Europe it gets known as the North Atlantic Drift and splits into two parts. The northern component which travels upwards across the west coast of Ireland is said to significantly bring about warmer temperatures, whilst the southern component (also known as the Canary Current) carries a slightly less significant effect, as temperatures happen to be warmer in this part of the East Atlantic.
Other than the greater altitude volcanic regions that caused the roll-out of the islands originally, some 3 million yrs ago, there are not one other high mountain areas anywhere near the Canaries. This prevents any frequent creation of weather for Tenerife, certainly in the East, so any rain clouds are generally form out on the Atlantic and are driven towards islands in the West. The nice and cozy re-circulating Gulf Stream air has got the effect of diverting the majority of the wet weather systems on the north before they get to the Canaries, ultimately causing dry conditions for usually. Needless to say the islands will not be totally without rain, otherwise they will not have been so successful in terms of agriculture. You can still find significant producers of numerous crops for example bananas and tomatoes, nevertheless these are typically fruits which need long spells of dry days full of sunshine, as is also often located on the islands. The wettest month in the Canaries is December, with all the summertime of June, July and August having barely any rain at all.
Regarding temperature, freezing weather will not feature either. Average daytime temperatures rarely fall below 15 degrees Celsius, even during winter and maximum daytime temperatures can exceed twenty degrees Celsius during any part of the year.